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Grapes are widely distributed throughout the north temperate zone. The plants have the form of vines with woody stems. By the way their wild relatives have quite thick and long stems which braid thickly the branches of the trees. The shoots grow quickly and can grow up to 9 m over the summer. The leaves are 6,4-25 cm across. The plant  clings to the plant support with the help of tendrils. The flowers are small, green, fragrant. The fruit is represented by fleshy berries with tough skin, covered with a waxy bloom. The form of seeds is a distinguishing sign European and US cultivars of grapes . Berries are edible (exception - some ornamental Japanese forms), they have round or oblong up to 2.5 cm shape. North American grapes are mostly black, although the "Isabella" is sometimes red-brown or amber-green, and the wild grapes California are of grayish-white colour. Comercially cultivated grapes may have red, pink, blue, purple, black, gold, green and white berries.

Grapes are not picky about the soil: a good harvest is grown either on different kinds of soil. In the first two years there is a possibility to grow  between the rows some vegetable crops with undeveloped root system, in the following years it is allowed to grow plants only for soil protection. Common fungal diseases of grapes are mildew and black rot. They are usually fought with fungicides.


Now out of about 150 grape varieties grown for sale in the United States and Canada, about 10% of them are of local origin, 80% - the offspring of the classic grapes of the Old World, and the rest are intercontinental hybrids.


Nutrient content per 100 g:

Proteins: 0.6 g Fat 0.2 g Carbohydrate 15 g

The vitamin content per 100 g:

Vitamin A: 0,10 mg

Vitamin B1: 0,05 mg

Vitamin B2: 0,02 mg

Vitamin B3: 0,06 mg

Vitamin B6: 0,09 mg

Vitamin B9: 2,0 g

Vitamin C: 6,0 mg

Vitamin H: 1,5 g

Vitamin PP: 0,30 mg

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