Sweet pepper (paprika, Capsicum annuum) is the name of the species of plants in the family Solanaceae, and its fruit. Pepper originates from America, where in Mexico, Colombia and Central America still exists in wild form. After the discovery of America, like many other fruit and vegetables pepper was imported into Spain and Portugal, and afterwards was spread throughout Europe and the Middle East. Currently, pepper is cultivated on all continents, in countries with subtropical and tropical climates.
Sweet pepper is widely used in cooking. Pepper can be eaten fresh, salted, pickled, canned, fried, prepared on the grill, stuffed with meat, vegetables and other products. It is also used for cooking lecho and sauces, as an ingredient to various salads, stews and soups. It is stewed with vegetables or meat.
Useful properties of sweet pepper
Useful properties of pepper are determined mainly by its rich vitamin and mineral composition. Beta-carotene (vitamin A) and vitamin C strengthen immune system, stimulate hair and nails growth of, improve the function of skin and mucous membranes.
Owing to the content of B vitamins pepper is useful in memory impairment, insomnia, stress and depression, edema, dermatitis, diabetes and general fatigue. Vitamins P and C help to strengthen the vascular walls and decrease their permeability. And thanks to the large amounts of iron, zinc, iodine, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and other trace elements sweet pepper is indispensable for osteoporosis, anemia, sweat and sebaceous glands disorder, vitamin deficiency and early baldness.
Capsaicin, which is part of the Bulgarian pepper, stimulates appetite, stimulates the stomach and pancreas function, lowers blood pressure and thins the blood, thus preventing the formation of blood clots.