Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) origin country is India. They have been cultivated for over 6 thousand years. Cucumber is an annual herbaceous plant in the family Cucurbitaceae. It is most likely that to Russia cucumbers came from Asia. Though cucumbers are not mentioned in print the XVI century, historians think that cucumber was known to Russians before the IX century.
Cucumber water content is 95.4% ; protein 1.09% fat - 0.11%, carbohydrate - 2.21% of cellulose - 0.78%, ash - 0.5%. The cucumber contains vitamin C, sulfur, magnesium, sodium, silicon, carotene, thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (B2), pantothenic and folic acid (B9 and B5) . Since ancient times cucumbers have been known as excellent ingredient for cosmetics.
Cucumber is a source of minerals. They contain potassium, phosphorus, iron, iodine; the energy value of cucumber is quite low. They stimulate appetite, improve the absorption of animal proteins and fats, have a choleretic effect.
Cucumbers have a diuretic effect due to the high content of potassium, promote excretion of sodium and reduce high blood pressure, have a laxative effect.
The face pack of fresh cucumber makes the skin smooth, it helps to remove acne scars, freckles, age spots. Cucumber juice improves hair condition, prevents early baldness.
Cucumber juice pure or mixed with honey is useful in catarrh of the upper respiratory tract. Fresh cucumber juice has a strong bactericidal effect. Fresh taste and smell of cucumber is caused by free organic acid and an essential oil content.
Cucumbers have cleansing properties. They quench thirst, cool the body, are useful for, inflammation of the bladder. Cucumbers generate gases and it takes a long time to digest them, as a result they contribute to putrid bacteria development. Cucumbers are not recommended for people with peptic ulcer disease, chronic gastritis.