Wildlife species of this plant grow in Europe; It is mostly cultivated in Europe (France, UK, Germany, etc.) and also in North and South America. It brings inferior yields comparing to wild strawberry (fragaria). It is demanding to moisture, shade-enduring. Farming equipment used for strawberry cultivation coincides with the one used for cultivation of wild strawberys.
The significance and usage:
Strawberry fruits are rich in nutrients and antioxidants, that’s why the regular use of the product for a long time strengthens the immune system, improves the function of cardiovascular system and increases the potency.
Strawberry has a potent anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect, thus used in the treatment of catarrhal diseases and for disposal of offensive breath.
Also strawberry is an excellent diuretic, so it is recommended in various diseases of the urogenital system as well as for the treatment of rheumatism and liver diseases.
Unlike many other fruits, carbohydrates which form part of strawberries, practically do not increase blood sugar level, that is why it has to be included into menu of people suffering from diabetes. A low caloric and high vitamin value make this fruit an indispensable assistant in the fight against excess weight.
In addition, strawberries contain large amount of iodine that can compensate the lack of this micronutrient in daily food, and thanks to salicylic acid, Strawberry may be useful for the treatment of joint diseases.
Strawberry is an allergenic fruit. Therefore, people with allergies have to be careful while eating this product or washing it down with any fermented milk product.
Organic acids which form part of strawberries (salicylic and oxalic acid) can cause acute gastrointestinal conditions such as gastritis, gastro, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. In addition to that oxalic acid in the interaction with calcium, forming calcium oxalate (insoluble substance the presence of which may lead to the acute conditions such as caries, osteoporosis, kidney stones disease, many diseases gastrointestinal tract, as well as cystitis and pyelonephritis.
Strawberries are not recommended:
- gastrointestinal issues
- during pregnancy and for young children
- when used on an empty stomach. Its seeds may cause mechanical and chemical irritation in the stomach, which may lead to aggravation of ulcer or gastroduodenitis.
The composition of strawberries
Fruits contain sugar (6-9.5%), citric, malic, quinic, salicylic, phosphoric acid; vitamin C, pectin, carotene, essential oils, vitamin B.
Strawberries contains per 100 g of raw flesh:
Water - 87.4 g
Proteins - 0.8 g
Fat - 0.4 g
Carbohydrates - 7.5 g (including mono- and disaccharides - 7.4 g starch - 0.1 g)
Cellulose - 2.2 g
Organic acids - 1.3 g
Ash - 0.4 g
Vitamin content in strawberries:
Vitamin A (retinol) - 0.03 mg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) - 0.03 mg
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) - 0.05 mg
Niacin (vitamin B3 or PP) - 0.3 mg
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) - 0.06 mg
Folic acid (vitamin B9) - 20.0 mcg
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) - 60.0 mg
Vitamin E (tocopherol) - 0.8 mg
Biotin (vitamin H) - 4.0 g